The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Otolaryngology is a specialty of medicine which deals with ears, nose, and throat. It is also called otolaryngology-head and neck surgery because specialists are trained in both medicine and surgery. Doctors who specialize in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians. The most common reasons for patients to visit an otolaryngologist were problems with their ear, nose and throat. Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, as well as structures of the neck and face. Mostly these problems can be diagnosed through physical analysis, meaning that otolaryngologists have a hands-on approach to patient care.
- Track 1-1Otology
- Track 1-2Rhinology
- Track 1-3Otolaryngology
- Track 1-4Clinical care in ENT
- Track 1-5Noval drug research in ENT
- Track 1-6Pediatric Otolaryngology
- Track 1-7 Laryngology
- Track 1-8 Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery
Sinusitis is an inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses. Sinusitis or sinus infection is inflammation of the air cavities within the passages of the nose. Healthy sinuses are filled with air. But when they become blocked and filled with fluid, germs can grow and cause an infection. Sinusitis may be classified as acute sinus infection, sub-acute sinus infection, chronic sinus infection, infected sinusitis, and non-infectious sinusitis. Symptoms of sinusitis can include fever, weakness, fatigue, cough, and congestion. There may also be mucus drainage in the back of the throat, called postnasal drip. Health care professional make a diagnosis based on your symptoms and an examination of your nose and face.
- Track 2-1Allergic rhinitis
- Track 2-2Frontal sinus and maxillary sinus
- Track 2-3Sinus infections
- Track 2-4Ethmoid sinuses and sphenoid sinus
- Track 2-5Acute and subacute sinusitis
Tinnitus is the medical term that refers to the perception of sound in one or both ears when no sound is actually present in the environment. While ringing is the most common experience, the noise can also sound like a buzzing, hissing or whizzing sound. It can range from a low pitch to a high pitch and may be soft or loud at times. In severe cases, the ringing in the ears is loud enough to interfere with work or daily activity, whereas those with mild tinnitus can experience soft ringing that is no more than a minor annoyance. Common reasons are extreme exposure to noise, injuries of head and neck, and ear infections. In a small number of individuals, tinnitus is a sign of a serious underlying medical condition.
- Track 3-1Eustachian tube problems
- Track 3-2Ototoxic medications
- Track 3-3Stress management and relaxation techniques
- Track 3-4Causes of tinnitus
- Track 3-5Cure for tinnitus
Hearing loss, also called as hearing impairment, is a partial or complete inability to hear. A deaf person has little to no hearing. Hearing loss may arise in one or both ears. In some people, particularly older people, hearing loss can result in loneliness. Hearing loss can be temporary or permanent. Hearing loss may be caused by a number of factors like genetics, age, exposure to noise, some infections, birth complications, trauma to the ear, and certain medications or toxins. Hearing loss can be caused by many different reasons, some of which can be successfully treated with medicine or surgery, depending on the disease process. Hearing loss can be characterised by which part of the auditory system is damaged. There are three basic types of hearing loss conductive, sensorineural, and mixed hearing loss.
- Track 4-1Symptoms of hearing loss
- Track 4-2Types of hearing loss
- Track 4-3Hearing loss treatment
- Track 4-4Hearing loss prevention
- Track 4-5Causes of hearing loss
Otolaryngologists specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to head and neck, specifically the ears, nose and throat. ENT surgery is often necessary as a treatment for conditions that affect the ear, nose or throat, when medication and other non-invasive treatments are ineffective. Otorhinolaryngology or ENT is one of the most diverse medical specialties with various sub-specialties like laryngology, pediatric, otology, neurotology, implantation otology, oncology, and rhinology and sinus surgery, among others. ENT surgery is also used in reconstructive and cosmetic surgery to correct deformities or injuries.
- Track 5-1Common procedures of surgery
- Track 5-2Sub-specialties in ENT surgery
- Track 5-3Preparations needed for ENT surgery
- Track 5-4Risks associated with surgery
Disorders of the throat and larynx may denote inflammation and infections, prolonged inflammation, or anomalous growths that are more common among adults. Throat infections are particularly common among children, although adults may be affected as well probably had a sore throat. The cause is usually a viral infection, but other causes may comprise allergies, infection with strep bacteria or the leaking of stomach acids back up into the oesophagus, called GERD. Most throat problems are minor and go away on their own. Treatments are needed depend on the problem severity.
- Track 6-1Vocal cord polyps and nodules
- Track 6-2Vocal cord paralysis
- Track 6-3Laryngeal papillomas
- Track 6-4Prevention and Treatment of Epiglottitis
- Track 6-5Contact ulcers
Vertigo is a state of rotation, rocking, or the world spinning, experienced even when someone is perfectly still. Vertigo is caused by problems in the brain or inner ear, including sudden head movements, inflammation within the inner ear due to a viral or bacterial inner ear infection, Meniere's disease, tumors, decreased blood flow to the base of the brain, multiple sclerosis, head trauma and neck injury, migraine headaches or complications from diabetes. Vertigo can be temporary or long term. Persistent vertigo has been linked to mental health issues. A psychiatric condition may also cause the dizziness, or the vertigo may affect the person's ability to function in daily life, potentially leading to depression.
- Track 7-1Balance disorders
- Track 7-2Causes of Vertigo
- Track 7-3Symptoms of Vertigo
- Track 7-4Treatment for Vertigo
Voice is the sound made by air passing to lungs through larynx. In larynx there are vocal cords- two bands of muscle that vibrate to make sound. For most of people, their voices play a big part in who they are, what they do, and how they communicate. Like fingerprints, each person's voice is unique. Treatment for voice disorders varies depending on the cause. Most voice problems can be treated when diagnosed early. Symptoms of voice dysfunction are hoarseness or a chronic dry, scratchy throat, a pitch/tone which is not pleasing, limitations in the ability to speak clearly, or periods of voice loss. Other causes of voice disorders are infections due to growth of virus, movement of stomach acids into the throat, cancer, and diseases that paralyze the vocal cords.
- Track 8-1Neurological Voice Disorders
- Track 8-2Spasmodic Dysphonia
- Track 8-3Signs and Symptoms
- Track 8-4Treatment
Nasal obstruction is one of the problems which is caused by a deviated nasal septum, enlarged turbinates, nasal polyps, enlarged adenoids, tumours and nasal congestion. Nasal congestion is another term for a stuffy nose. It is often a symptom of another health problem, such as a sinus infection. It may also be caused by the common cold. Stuffy nose or nasal congestion/blocked nose which is one of the most commonly occurring problems. Nasal congestion occurs when the tissues lining the nose get swollen which is because of the inflamed blood vessels. If it is not treated it can lead to hearing and voice problems. It may further lead to a condition known as sleep apnoea.
- Track 9-1Nasal Polyps
- Track 9-2Nasal Obstruction
- Track 9-3Treatment for Nasal Obstruction and Congestion
- Track 9-4Nasal Obstruction Tests
Hearing Therapy is a service offered in Audiology for patients who require additional support with hearing loss or help with managing bothersome tinnitus, hyperacusis or have auditory processing problems. Hearing loss is not inevitable with age. Young people who listen to rock music often have the same hearing level as that of 50 year old factory workers who expose to sound. Treatment, containing medicines and sometimes surgery also recommended for many types of hearing problems, particularly conductive hearing loss. Some of the most common causes of conductive hearing loss are fluid in the middle ear, with or without infection, and earwax blocking the ear canal. In cases of bacterial infection of the middle ear, antibiotics are often used in the therapy.
- Track 10-1What is Hearing Therapy?
- Track 10-2Sound Therapy
- Track 10-3Assistive Listening and Hearing Enhancement
- Track 10-4How Sound Therapy improve hearing?
Snoring is the sound you make when your airway is blocked while you are asleep. The sound is caused by tissues at the top of your airway that strike each other and vibrate. It is common, especially among older people and people who are overweight. Snoring generally occurs when the flow of air through the mouth and nose is physically obstructed. Medical aid is often needed for habitual snorers to get a good sleep. Research suggests that snoring is one of the factors of sleep deprivation. Snoring can also be an indication of a serious sleep disorder called sleep apnea.
- Track 11-1Snoring facts
- Track 11-2Causes of snoring
- Track 11-3Clinical importance of snoring
- Track 11-4Levels of snoring
- Track 11-5Treatments for snoring
Head and neck oncology is the subspecialty of otolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat) that provides medical and surgical treatment for both benign and malignant tumours of the head and neck. Primary goal of the Head and Neck Oncology Program is to develop and support research and educational activities to ultimately improve detection, prevention, rehabilitation and increasethe quality of life issues concerning to head and neck cancer, and also for further development of translational, interdisciplinary research and educational programs.
- Track 12-1Head and Neck Oncology
- Track 12-2Thyroid cancer
- Track 12-3Ear and temporal bone cancers
- Track 12-4Salivary gland cancers
- Track 12-5Chemotherapy associated with ENT tumours
ENT devices are equipment used for identification, therapy, or surgical treatment of any disorders related to the ear, nose, or throat, thereby helping to correct any problems related to hearing, smelling, snoring, or speaking. There are a wide range of ENT devices are available in the market consisting of endoscopes, hearing screening instruments, powered surgical tools, hearing aids, hearing implants, surgical devices which are handheld, balloon dilation devices which are used in sinus, CO2 lasers, image-guided surgery systems, ear tubes, nasal and otological packing material, and voice prosthesis devices. All these devices are intended for use only by or under the direction of a physician who is well trained and skilled in Technology. Before handling it is very important to read the directions to understand the contraindications, warnings, and precautions related with these devices.
- Track 13-1Handling of ENT devices
- Track 13-2Cochlear Implants
- Track 13-3Hearing aids
- Track 13-4Surgical devices
A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, is the common form of bleeding from the nose. It is usually seen when the blood drains out through the nostrils. Nosebleeds are most often caused by local trauma but can also be caused by bacteria, nasal or sinus infections, and prolonged inhalation of dry air. Nosebleeds can be dramatic and terrifying. Fortunately, most epistaxis is not serious and can be managed at home, although sometimes medical treatment may be necessary. Sometimes in more severe cases, the blood can come up the nasolacrimal duct and out from the eye. Clotted and fresh blood can also flow down into the stomach and cause nausea and vomiting.
- Track 14-1Nosebleed Causes
- Track 14-2Nosebleed Symptoms
- Track 14-3Nosebleed Diagnosis
- Track 14-4Nosebleed Medical Treatment and Prevention
Sleep apnea is a severe sleep disorder that occurs when breathing is interrupted during sleep. It is a common condition in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep. Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes. They may occur more than 30 times or an hour. Typically, normal breathing then again starts pauses, sometimes with a loud snort or choking sound. In many cases, an apnea, or temporary pause in breathing, is caused due to the collapsing of tissue in the back of the throat. The muscles of the upper airway relax when people fall asleep. Not every person who snores has sleep apnea, and not everyone who has sleep apnea snores. Sleep apnea can make you feeling tired or unrefreshed when wake up in the morning even though you have had a full night of sleep.
- Track 15-1Types of Sleep Apnea
- Track 15-2Causes of Sleep Apnea
- Track 15-3Treatment involved in Sleep Apnea
Nasal allergy is an inflammatory response to house dust, mold animal hair, and pollens. An allergen is a harmless substance that causes an allergic reaction. Allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, is an allergic response to specific allergens. Pollen is the most common allergen in seasonal allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is allergy symptoms that occur with the change of seasons. If you have nasal allergies, you may be used to sneezing and congestion which last entire the day. A runny or stuffy nose is one of the most common sign.
- Track 16-1Causes and Symptoms of nasal allergy
- Track 16-2Diagnosis and treatment involved in nasal allergy
- Track 16-3Home remedies for Nasal Allergy
Speech disorders are a kind of throat disorder where normal speech is interrupted. This can mean stuttering, lisps. A person who is unable to speak due to a speech disorder is considered mute. Difficulties pronouncing sounds, or articulation disorders, and stuttering are some of the examples of speech disorders. One of the most commonly experienced speech disorders is stuttering. These disorders mainly affect the vocal cords, muscles and nerves of throat and other structures within the throat. People who have certain medical or developmental conditions may also have speech disorders. Speech disorders may be inherited, and they can develop over time.
- Track 17-1Speech disorders in children
- Track 17-2Causes and symptoms
- Track 17-3Diagnosis and treatment procedures
- Track 17-4Complications associated with speech disorders
Laryngopharyngeal reflux is defined as the reflux of gastric content into larynx and pharynx. LPR is a condition that takes place in a person who has gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Acid made in the stomach travels up the esophagus in this condition. When that stomach acid gets up to the throat, it is called laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). LPR is caused by acid present in stomach which bubbles up into the throat as a result of (Gastroesophageal reflex disease) GERD. Fortunately, most cases do not require medical care. They can be managed with change in their lifestyle. People who have certain dietary habits, people who regularly wear tighter fitting or binding clothing, people who are obese, and people who are overstressed are more likely to have laryngopharyngeal reflux.
- Track 18-1Gastroesophageal reflex disease (GERD)
- Track 18-2Causes of LPR
- Track 18-3Symptoms of LPR
- Track 18-4Diagnosis of LPR
- Track 18-5Treatment involved in Laryngopharyngeal reflux
Head and neck cancer is a group of tumours that starts inside the mouth, nose, throat, larynx, sinuses, or salivary glands. Cancers of head and neck usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck. These squamous cell cancers are often denoted to as squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Head and neck cancers can also starts from the salivary glands, but salivary gland cancers are relatively uncommon. The symptoms of these cancers may include a sore throat that does not go away, difficulty in swallowing, and a change or hoarseness in the voice.
- Track 19-1Identification of Head and Neck Cancer
- Track 19-2Causes and Symptoms of Head and Neck Cancer
- Track 19-3Chemotherapy involved
- Track 19-4Surgical procedures for removal of Cancer cells
An ear infection occurs when a foreign bodies affects the middle ear just behind the eardrum. It can be painful because of inflammation and fluid accumulates in the middle ear. Eustachian tubes are small tubes that run from each ear directly to the back of the throat. An ear infection occurs when one of these tubes becomes swollen or blocked, causing fluid to build up in your middle ear. Symptoms are related with a streptococcal infection versus a different bacterial or viral infection. Possible causes are allergic rhinitis, food and drug allergies and common cold.
- Track 20-1Tonsillopharyngitis
- Track 20-2Inflammatory Infections
- Track 20-3Allergic Rhinitis
- Track 20-4Stridor
Diagnosis and Treatment refers to the medical and surgical treatment of the most common and clinical conditions in the fast growing field of otorhinolaryngology. Otolaryngology head and neck surgery is a subspecialty in medicine that deals with medical and surgical controlling of conditions affecting the ear, nose, throat, and the neck the care of the senses including smell, taste, and balance hearing fall under its field. As a specialty, it deals with other medical and surgical subspecialties including allergy and immunology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, haematology, neurology, neurosurgery, oncology, ophthalmology, paediatrics, plastic and reconstructive surgery, pulmonology, radiation oncology, rehabilitation, rheumatology, thoracic surgery, among others. Further, the specialty includes the care of the young and the old, man and woman, as well as benign and malignant diseases.
- Track 21-1Surgical Approach of ENT diseases
- Track 21-2Current Diagnostic Procedures associated In Otorhinolaryngology
- Track 21-3Preventive Measures during ENT Surgery
- Track 21-4Clinical and Research Practice Involved In Otorhinolaryngology
Rehabilitation is a therapy to regain or improve function of body which has been lost or weakened. In ENT rehabilitation focus on Speech & language therapy to help in speaking and VRT (Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy) focus to improve balance and also to minimise the experience of dizziness, improve patients stability while in motion, increase coordination, reduces falls and anxiety. It is difficult to provide a general outline of the VRT exercises because they are designed individually to and prescribed for each patient. Most of these exercises involve movements of the head and body to help your brain and to compensate from the inaccurate information they are receiving from their inner ear, and thus regain control over their balance.
- Track 22-1Post-surgical medications
- Track 22-2Complications associated after the Surgery
- Track 22-3Post-clinical examination
- Track 22-4Life style changes and exercises to be taken after Surgery